Archive for December, 2017


Contextualism in Contemporary Philosophy

Theme Note

Contextualist approach in Philosophy has been gaining momentum in recent years, especially in the fields of Logic, Epistemology, philosophy of language and Moral science. It is an interesting question why contextualism enjoys this privileged status in contemporary philosophical discussions: In Logic it might be due to the fact that contextualism promises a respectable approach to the closure principle, and in Epistemology it might be due to the fact that most people share the intuition that contextual factors are important when it comes to evaluating whether someone has knowledge. The fact that there emerged no consensus among epistemologists to resolve problems regarding knowledge analysis that arose during the post Gettier period gave an added impetus to contextualist solutions to the knowledge crisis. A third possibility would lie in that epistemologists already being tired of the ongoing debate on knowledge analysis were prepared to welcome any theory that departs from this As far as Moral field is concerned, that moral discourses need to be context sensitive has been approved as a norm since the beginning postmodern era. However, despite the enormous interest recorded on contextualism, there is a general feeling that contextualist solutions to philosophical analyses have certain inherent difficulties. Thus, while contextualism remains as the most fashionable and acceptable theory in epistemic circles, philosophers also have reservations in accounting contextualist elements in normative epistemology. This dual stand towards contextualism demands a careful study and attention of scholars to discern what is worthwhile, if any, in this theory.

The versions of contextualism that have received attention in the contemporary epistemological literature are the versions developed by De Rose, Cohen, Lewis and Williams. There are some commonalities ascribed to all these four versions: First, all of them express that truth conditions of knowledge attributing and knowledge denying sentences somehow involve contextual matters due to certain characteristics of knows. Second, they all claim to solve the sceptical paradox in a way better than the other contenders in the field. However, contextualist theories vary in respect of the different positions philosophers adopt with regard to the following: 1) whose context is relevant, and 2) what it is that changes in accordance with features of the context. With regard to the first issue Attributer Contextualists defend that the


relevant context is the context of the attributer of knowledge. Subject contextualists, on the other, have maintained that the context of the subject is what matters. Leading Attributer Contextualists Cohen and De Rose found their versions of contextualism in the semantic thesis; both argue that the term knows has a fixed character but a shifty content. However, they differ with regard to the nature of the indexical model for knows: for Cohen gradable terms like tall or flat are the models for knows, while for DeRose I and here function as the models for indexicals. The present seminar aims to move beyond generic contextualism and concentrate on the semantic mechanism essential for attributer contextualism, the mechanism that provide an account of the underlying linguistic factors responsible for the varying truth conditions that govern knowledge – attributing and knowledge – denying sentences.

Contextualism that functions as a semantic thesis attend to the word knows and related language rather than contextualism as a thesis responding to the traditional problems in epistemology. In order to explore the semantic implications to knowledge analysis we may take a closer look at the Attributor contextualism, a version of contextualism popular for supporting semantic thesis. It maintains that the truth value of a knowledge claim can vary across attributor contexts. To put it formally:

AC: For the very same S and p, at the very same time t, a sentence of the form ‘S Knows that p’ can be true relative to one speaker context and false relative to a different speaker context.

There is a charge that Contextualism as a position explained above is about knowledge attributions and denials of knowledge, and isn’t a theory about knowledge at all, hence it is not a piece of epistemology but of the philosophy of language. The question whether Contextualism is a part of epistemology or Philosophy of language remains as a major worry with regard to contextualism. The worry is that contextualism robs epistemology of its proper subject matter. If knows picks out different properties in different contexts, there could not be knowledge as such, instead we will be confined to knowledge language and their properties that vary according to changing contexts. In other words, if truth conditions of locutions such as ‘S knows that’ vary wildly across contexts, it would amount to epistemology losing its status as a discipline. To borrow the language of Greco, “… our


epistemological language (would) fail to pick out a class of phenomena that admits of theoretical study.” (John Greco: Philosophical Quarterly, P.423).

We may note that the above objector is not seeking to deny the importance of the Philosophy of language as such, but its importance in epistemology. This denial seems extremely rash; though contextualism / Invariantism is an issue in philosophy of language it has definite potential to be of profound importance to epistemology. As Keith De Rose points out, “It is essential to a credible epistemology as well as to a responsible account of the semantics of the relevant epistemologically important sentences, that what is proposed about knowledge and one’s claims about the semantics of know(s) work plausibly together across the rather inconsequential boundary between these two subfields of philosophy.” (Keith De Rose, The Case for Contextualism, Clarendon Press, Oxford, .2009, P. 19). The present seminar aims at analyzing this interplay between the concepts of language and knowledge, and also seeks to focus on the philosophy of language as applied to the epistemologically vital terms of knowledge.

The second worry is that contextualism robs knowledge claim of its objectivity. To be more specific, contextualism makes the truth of knowledge claims interest – depend in a way that steals them of their objectivity. A closer look at the problem would reveal that the issue at hand is raised against interest – dependent theories in general, theories maintaining that the truth value of knowledge claims depends on the interest and orientation of a person or a group. The opposite camp of interest independent theories rule out the possibility of truth value of knowledge claims varying in terms of the interest of people. The present project would address this problem, whether knowledge claims which are interest dependent threatens the subject matter of epistemology or the objectivity of knowledge claim.

Hypothetically it is proposed that even if the interest dependent truth conditions of knowledge claims vary across practical environments, the social function of those claims will severely restrict the ranges and kinds of variability that are allowed. Suppose that I need to know whether p, and that in a different context S announces, ‘I know that p’. In order for her to be a source for my knowledge I will have to assure myself that the standards by which S counts as knowing in whatever context she claims knowledge, are as high, or higher than my epistemic commitments. Also note that the information sharing function of our language puts pressure on the


standards for knowledge in an upward direction, in other words, the standards for knowledge cannot be so low as to make knowledge unusable. In fact the need for sharing knowledge across different practical environments creates pressure towards stability. Given the information – sharing function of our knowledge language, we can expect that the mechanisms by which explanatory salience are distributed will be largely stable across practical contexts. Therefore, we may reasonably presume that interest relativity, either in terms of attributor’s interest or in terms of subject’s interest, poses no threat to epistemology or its subject matter.

It is indeed disturbing for any epistemologist to assume that the truth values of knowledge claims are interest – dependent. It seems wrong to claim that S’s belief that the next plane will reach Chicago by 5 pm (basing her belief on a published schedule) is false so long as her life depends on it, but true when that is no longer the case. This worry let’s resolve it this way: Interest – dependent theories are not committed to the claim that interests can affect the truth value in just any way; on the other hand, such theories will restrict the ways in which interests affect the truth values of the epistemic claims. Here we need to make a distinction between perceived interests and actual interests. Also often it is misleadingly propagated that it is the interest of some individual alone that is taken into consideration. It is more plausible that the truth values of knowledge claims depend on the actual interests of some relevant group than that of an individual. The present project, it is anticipated would dive deep in to this problem seeking ways in which knowledge analysis can be made context sensitive while all through retaining the objectivity it has been holding.

Objectives of Conducting the Seminar:

1. Even as Contextualism receives attention of epistemologist’s globe wide, philosophers also have reservations in accepting contextualist solutions as they fear it would robe off its objectivity and normative status. The present project aims to examine the dubious dual stand maintained by philosophers on this matter.

2. To focus on the semantic mechanism essential for attributer contextualism, the mechanism that provide an account of the underlying linguistic mechanism responsible for the varying truth conditions that govern knowledge – attributing and knowledge – denying sentences.


  1. ToexaminethechargethatContextualismasapositionisaboutknowledge attributions and denials of knowledge, and hence it is not a piece of epistemology but of the philosophy of language.
  2. It aims at analyzing the interplay between the concepts of language and knowledge, and also seek to focus on the philosophy of language as applied to the epistemologically vital terms of knowledge.
  3. ThepresentSeminarprojectwouldalsoaddresswhetherknowledgeclaims that are interest dependent threatens the subject matter of epistemology.
  4. Seek ways in which knowledge analysis can be made context sensitive while retaining the objectivity it has been preserving.
  5. The project endeavours to extend the scope of research to Indian epistemology, especially Buddhist knowledge analysis to see the implications it carries for a contextualist approach.
  6. Revise the notion of Justification in terms of Contextualism.
  7. To examine the viability of contextualist solution to skepticism.

10.To determine the limits of Contextualism as an epistemic theory.

(b) Sub-titles or allied aspects of the theme/area in which papers from contributors will be invited

  1. Contextualism and the Linguistic Turn in Epistemology
  2. Epistemic Modals in Contexts
  3. Contextualism and Skeptical Paradox
  4. Semantics in Contextualism
  5. Contextualism and Indexicality
  6. Contextualism, Invariantism and Relevant Alternatives
  7. Varieties of Contextualism


  1. Challenges and Limits to Contextualism
  2. Contextualism in Ethics
  3. Contextualism in Logic

You are cordially invited to present a well-researched and well thought out paper. We appreciate analytic papers only and not descriptive ones. Selected papers will be presented after evaluation by competent experts. Kindly send your learned papers latest by 10th January, 2017 via email to sree_kala_nair@yahoo.com , chaaaavi@gmail.com in Hindi or English (Typed, doc format, English – Times New Roman fonts size 12, Hindi –Unicode or any other font, size 14-16 (in the case of any other fonts than Unicode please send font also). The venue of the seminar will be ICPR Academic Centre, Lucknow. Selected participant shall be provided free hospitality and travel as per ICPR rules.




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Content Writer at Rasta Adventurers!

About Rasta Adventurers (https://rastaadventurers.in):

Rasta Adventurers is a startup in the field of Adventure Tourism. We are building a community for people to enable them to experience Adventure Tourism at different stages of their lives. We focus on bringing awareness about Outdoor Adventures to all age groups of the society. Our target group is inclusive of, but not limited to School Students, College Students, Corporate Employees, et al. Women and Elderly garner special focus from our end. We also provide a platform for everybody to experience the thrill of adventure in the lap of the Himalayas. About the Internship: Interested in being a part of a Travel Startup? Interested in writing about your travel experiences but haven’t come across any medium for expressing yourself so far? Worry not! We will provide you with that medium and much more! You will be expected to develop content for our website and send in articles related to travelling at specified time intervals. We will publish the same on our website under your name.

Who can apply?

Anyone interested in the position is free to apply.

How to apply?

Send across your CV and a writing sample at our email id: info@rastaadventures.in.

Duration of internship: 1 Month.

Remuneration: This is an unpaid, work from home opportunity. Perks: 1. You will receive a Certificate at the successful completion of your internship. 2. You will be eligible to receive a special discount if you ever choose to travel through our company.

Note: We will be accepting applications on a rolling basis.

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National Seminar on Consumerism and Consumer Protection in the era of open markets in India

PG Govt College for Girls, Sector 11, Chandigarh

30th January. 2018

Themes and sub themes of the Seminar

In the light of the above concept note, A one day National Seminar is proposed in order to deliberate at length about the various issues relating to consumer rights, consumerist cultures and consumer grievances redressal mechanism, Experts and Participants will be encouraged to present papers, share their views and suggest strategies to deal with issues detailed below

a) Consumer Rights, Consumer awareness, Revisiting perceptions and definitions,

b) Social and psychological factors for rising consumerism, consumer behavior and consumer perception

c) Vulnerability of the consumer need and significance of Consumer Protection in market economy

d) Effectiveness of the consumer courts in redressal of grievances of customers

e) Role of NGOs in protection of consumer rights

f) Consumer protection and vulnerable sections of the society

g) Review of the existing mechanism of consumer protection in govt institutions

h) Responsibilities of the Corporate Sector in protection of Consumer Rights Consumer Movements in India, Consumer Culture in India,

i) Role of media in highlighting consumer affairs

j) Trace the history of consumer movements in India

k) Consumer rights as Human Rights

REGISTRATION FEE – Rs 500 (on the spot)

Last date for sending abstracts – 15 January 2018

Last date for sending full papers 25th January 2018

Email for sending abstracts, papers and other querries sociogcg11@gmail.com

Organising Secretary

Dr Manoj Kumar Department of Sociology,

PG Govt College for Girls, Sector 11,




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Sixth Daya krishana Memorial Lecture

ON Love, Law and Language: Continuing to think with Daya-ji

to be delivered by Professor Jay L Garfield

Abstract of the lecture

In one of the last essays that he brought to completion, Eros, Nomos, and Logos, Daya-ji revisits many of the themes that animate his philosophical thought, drawing them together iAn a stunning philosophical farewell. He focuses on what he calls time and again “the prison-house of I-centricity,” and the need for escape; on the tension between apparent human freedom and the determinism we imbibe with the scientific image; on the nature of creativity and our essentially social nature, but also on the consequences of human embodiment and the role of the puruṣārthas in human life. I often find myself returning to this beautiful essay in part because it draws so many of these themes together, but also because it reflects both Daya-ji’s greatest insights and some of the obstacles to bringing those insights to complete fruition in his philosophical project. As always when I read Daya-ji, I imagine his voice behind the words, and then the argument that would ensue over drinks, and the joy in philosophical discourse. Today, I would like to respond to this essay, engaging in just that dialogue with the Daya I remember and imagine before me.


DKML 6 invitation

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Call for Journals

Respected Professor/Researcher………

UGC New Delhi Approved Journal No- 46964

International Journal [Impact Factor 4.318]   ISSN: 2249-9598

Online International Interdisciplinary Research Journal

Journal for-All Subjects      

Bi-Monthly refereed and Indexed Open Access E-Journal


UGC New Delhi Approved Journal No- 43191

International Journal ISSN 2277-727X

Lokavishkar International E-Journal ISSN 2277-727X

Journal for- Interdisciplinary     

A Double Review Bi-Monthly Published Journal


International Journal ISSN: 2277-2456

International Educational E-Journal

Journal for-Education & Physical Education                                                       

Quarterly refereed and Indexed Open Access E-Journal


International Journal ISSN 2350-1073

Translational Medicine and Biotechnology (TMB) ISSN 2350-1073

Journal for- Medical Sciences and Biotechnology     

A Double Review Bi-Monthly Published Journal

We are glad to inform that Online International Interdisciplinary Research Journal has been released and it has been well received by the academic/scientific fraternity.

Please send us the following documents for our journals.                                                             

1)  Research Paper (MS Word file)

2) Copyright Form/Declaration Form duly sign by all the authors

 To view the Current Issues click link below:


If you wish to publish Research Paper, send us your paper on editoroiirj@gmail.com

Thank You


Somnath Kisan Khatal

Cell No- 09657833293

President, Interdisciplinary Research Institute Kolhapur, Maharashtra India

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Rao Centenary Program and Manipal Academy of Higher Education welcome you to the National Conference on Ancient India: Identities, Boundaries and Cultural Humanities.

National Conference on Ancient India: Identities, Boundaries and Cultural Humanities.

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We live in the age of disruptions. This has heralded a new age of understanding based on our experience that nobody can drive straight to the future on a cruise control mode without understanding the nitty-gritty and integrity of myriad associated factors in its totality. As the organizations are becoming more uncertain, we do not know whether the future will be a continuation of the past. It may turnout to be a series of discontinuities. When the currents of the non-linear world are becoming strong, the linear thinking and approaches about organizations is slowly becoming a question mark. Thus the conference invites intellectual minds to take a leap from the linear to non-linear world of organizations and from known to unknown by examining the following areas:

  • What sort of principles will guide the success of twenty first century work organizations?
  • What is that truly binds in networked organizations? Is it merely information technology or something else that is more meaningful?
  • How does a work organization make the shift from just spreading information around a network to building new knowledge?
  • What importance technology will play to shape the future of work organizations?
  • How work organizations would balance the need for radical change with the need for strategic continuity?
  • What should leaders do to ensure that their corporate work culture will be a strategic asset rather than a change anchor to meet the future need?
  • How the roles & responsibilities of the work within the organizations will take shape?
  • How the organization’s responsibilities will be redefined?


  • Future workforce
  • Future Managers
  • Globally distributed small teams
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Change adaptation
  • Organization Structure
  • Learning Organization
  • Marketing strategy
  • Control and Complexity
  • Competition and Competitive advantage
  • Innovation and creativity
  • Shape of workforce
  • Man, Technology and Cyborg
  • Globally distributed systems
  • Team and Team roles
  • Leadership
  • Social and Technological relationship
  • Regional disparity
  • An Open Space
  • Skill Enhancement
  • Roles and Participation of women
  • Future Jobs and compensation systems
  • Economic Systems
  • Future of management education -Technology ,Quality and Focus, Leadership
  • Health ,mind, space and future work organisations
  • Structural and functional perspectives and FWO


Basic Submission Rules Language : English
Paper Length : Abstract: less than 800 words within 2 pages.
Full paper: within 12 pages, including references, tables/ charts and keywords
Keywords : 3 – 5 words
Font : 12-Point Times New Roman
Paragraph : Single-spaced
Margin : Normal (Top : 2.4 cm, Bottom: 2.54 cm; Left : 3.18 cm, Right : 3.18 cm)
Page numbers : Bottom – Centered
Layout : One-column Portrait
Format : MS Word – Compatible File


Full research papers, conceptual articles and case studies relevant to the conference theme are welcome. The submission must meet the required format and cover the following:

  • Introduction/ Research goals / Objectives
  • Methods
  • Expected results/ Conclusion/ Contributions
  • Keywords


The abstract should be a summary of your presentation. Please avoid scientific or engineering symbols, acronyms and bullets. The submission should be typed single-spaced in 12-point Times New Roman in Microsoft Word file (*.doc/*.docx). The length should be within 800 words in 2 pages.

Full Paper
The submission should be typed single-spaced in 12-point type Times New Roman in Microsoft Word file (*.doc/*.docx). The length should be within 12 pages, including references, tables / charts and keywords.


  • Authors are required to certify that their papers represent original works and are previously unpublished elsewhere. Simultaneous submission to any other conference, workshop or journal is strictly prohibited.
  • Plagiarism are strictly prohibited. In order to protect intellectual property rights of others and the authors’ own academic reputation, we are strongly against this.
  • Authors should take responsibilities for their submissions. Any violations of the above regulations would lead to disqualification and action.
  • Submissions that do not meet/ follow the conference submission rules and format will be returned for modification.
  • The online submission also indicates the copyright agreement to publish the submissions for all purposes of conference usage without further notice.


One-day pre-conference workshop will be conducted for Doctoral Scholars who are in the various stages of their research process. The sessions will be facilitated by experts in research from renowned institutions.



Full research papers, conceptual articles and case studies relevant to the conference theme / sub-themes are welcome.

Send your abstract and full paper to intl.conf.2017@sonamgmt.org

Delegates from foreign countries and from various parts of India will be participating and presenting papers in this international conference at Goa.

All the papers submitted will go through Double Blind Review Process by a panel of expert reviewers. Authors of the shortlisted papers will be informed and invited to present their papers in the conference. All the selected papers will be published in peer reviewed international journal with ISSN and selected papers will also be published as Edited Book with ISBN from a reputed publisher.  We are in partnership with McGraw Hill and Proquest.


pradipHe is an organization theorist and a  management expert by training. Born in Mumbai, India, he became a chartered accountant in 1964, did his MBA from Wharton School, US, his PhD from the Carnegie-Mellon University, and then taught at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, for a few years. His avid interest in India’s  socio-economic transformation led him to return to India in 1975 to teach at Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIMA). He later held the L&T Chair in Organizational Behaviour at IIMA, and served as its Director. He retired from IIMA in 2002. Khandwalla has authored over a dozen books, notably on the design of organizations, turnaround management, styles of management, effective management of state-owned enterprises, corporate greatness and excellent management of the government. He has served on the editorial boards of several of the world’s leading journals that publish research on organizations. The present work on creative society is the third in the trilogy on creativity, the previous two being on creativity and corporate creativity. He has authored three books of poems in English and one in Gujarati and has translated several volumes of poems and stories from English into Gujarati and vice versa. He has served on the boards of Indian corporates and public sector corporations, and been on the governing bodies of academic, government and other institutions. He has been felicitated twice with a Lifetime Achievement Award. Four of his books have secured the Best Management Book of the Year Award. One has been translated into Mandarin Chinese.

Other speakers for plenary sessions will be Presidents/Vice-Presidents of companies and experienced academicians from top tier institutions like IIM and IISc


Submission of Abstract and Paper  : September 30, 2017
Notification of Acceptance : October 1, 2017
Registration & Payment Deadline : October 5,2017
Conference Dates : 29 & 30 December, 2017
Pre-Conference Workshop Date : 28 December, 2017


Download Registration form : Click here

Online Payment : Click here

Category of Participants Indian * International
Corporate Executives / Trainers / Business Consultants / Entrepreneurs INR 4000/- 720 4720 USD 250
Faculty Members INR 3000/- 540 3540 USD 200
Research Scholars / Students INR 2000/- 360 2360 USD 150

Pre-conference workshop

Category of Participants Indian * International
Faculty / Research Scholar INR 1500/- 270 1770 USD 100

* GST @ 18% extra . GST Registration number : 33AAATC1818J1Z1

Conference fee includes Registration, Conference kit, Lunch and Refreshments on both the conference days (per participant).
Note: Arrangements will be made for cruise package at Goa at a concessional rate. Participants have to pay extra.


Name of the author
Institution/ Workplace
Phone Number
Alternate Number (Optional)
Email Id
Upload Manuscript
Info! submit in word format(.doc or .docx).
* All the fields are mandatory



Dr.Swarup K Mohanty
Conference Director


Dr. M. Selvaraj
Dr.P.Praba Devi
Prof. A. Velsamy
Ms. Pooja Agarwal

Dr.Hegde Desai Purva G.
Dr. Rajanala Nirmala


Delegates will be provided accommodation in the University Guest house on first come first served basis. Participants should pay extra for the accommodation charges, on arrival at Conference venue.

Accommodation at GOA University for Conference Participants :

Rates @ per person per day
1.Single AC – Rs.800
2.Double AC – Rs.1200
Extra person – Rs.300
Rates @ per person per day
1.Single Non AC – Rs.500
2.Double Non AC – Rs.800
Extra person – Rs.200
(Rooms available from 27-30 Dec 2017)



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